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Full text of "Annual Evaluation Report Fiscal Year 1984"

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C.    Costs, Benefits, and Effectiveness  (Continued)

tially the "immersion method" of teaching English. The Department has
underway a study to examine the effects of all-day immersion programs of

Studies indicated that average instructional time devoted to basic skills
each day was 128 minutes. Students, on the average, paid close attention
to this instruction 80 percent of the time, which is a higher rate of
attention than is found in the typical American school (E3, E4).

The extent to which English was used by teachers was followed over two
school years. There was a marked increase in the use of English in the
second year. One possible explanation for this change is that it reflects
the public discussion of the function of bilingual education that resulted
from the Department's efforts to provide the schools with more flexibility
and choice of instructional method for LEP students (E3, E4).

The National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education was evaluated and found
to be well-managed in carrying out the tasks assigned to it by the Govern-
ment. However, questions were raised about the scope of activities
assigned to the Clearinghouse. There was a complete duplication of the
ERIC data base on bilingual education. Annual expenditures on the Biling-
ual Clearinghouse are very high in relation to other clearinghouses because
of: (1) the duplication of ERIC services, (2) the use of Clearinghouse
funds to prepare and publish special reports and (3) the implementation
of program activities that are generally not assigned to clearinghouses.

On five measures of standard clearinghouse activities, NCBE's operations
are those of a medium-sized clearinghouse whose budget would fall in the
range of $250,OOQ-$570,OQO annually, NCBE's $1,864,932 budget is largely
spent on activities above and beyond those usually associated with a

D.    Plans for Program Improvement and Recommendations for Legislation
No new information.

E.    Supporting Studies and Analyses Cited in Section C Above:

1.    Nava, Hector.   Study of Title VII Funded State Education Agency Activ-
ities and Service Delivery Systems.    Mountain View,  CA.:   SRA Techno-
logy, 1984.

2.    Rodiguez, Blanca Rosa et pi. An Evaluation of the Bilingual Education
Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment  Centers.    Washington,  D.C.:
Pelavin Associates, 1984.e teachers used English about 60 percent of the time. The teachers